总第 四十七 期
Modernity, reform and self-cultivation: Islamic perspectives
【主讲人】Prof. Dr. Gudrun Krämer(克雷默)
讲座内容提要：Since the late nineteenth century, Islamic reform has aimed at forming a self-confident Muslim self and reforming the Muslim community through a renewal of faith, or religion. Sunni Muslim thinkers and activists, such as the Egyptian scholar Muhammad ʿAbduh (1849-1905) and Hasan al-Banna (1906-1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, are among the most prominent representatives of Islamic reform in the Arab world. Self-cultivation constituted a core element of their understanding of individual and communal improvement. In their conceptual and practical efforts at implementing reform, they could draw on a rich tradition of self-reflection and renewal that goes back centuries. However, under the conditions of modernity, and colonial modernity more specifically, it has taken on specific traits, which range from the notions of self-help, thrift and industry to a careful use of time, with a strong emphasis on rational thought and active commitment to communal and even national welfare. Islamic reform can be compared to similar attempts at "self-strengthening" in the face of Western challenges, including the Chinese one. In dealing with Islamic reform and renewal in the twentieth century, my talk will also address issues of modernity, especially the debate on multiple modernity or modernities.
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